Types of Eating Disorders
There is an alarming increase in the number of people encountering eating difficulties. People suffering from eating difficulties tend to have irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. The effects of eating disturbance such as inadequate or excessive food intake can in the long run damage a person’s well being. In this article, we will take you through the types of eating disorders. The common types of eating disorders include Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. Anyone, regardless of their age can develop eating disorders however, the signs of the conditions will appear during the teen years or young adulthood. Although the illness can be treated; patients need to ensure they find medical care at early stages.
One of the common types of eating disorder is anorexia nervosa which is characterized by obsessive fear of gaining weight, refusal to maintain healthy body weight and an unrealistic perception of body image. Patients of the illness tend to view themselves as overweight and as a result, they will try all they can to limit the quantity of food they consume. Some of the negative health effects associated with the illness include brain damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart difficulties, infertility, and death.
Bulimia nervosa is another eating disorder. The signs of bulimia nervosa include repeated binge eating followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating, such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise, or extreme use of laxatives or diuretics. The state makes patients fear weight gain something which will make them unhappy with their body size and shape. People suffering from bulimia nervosa tend to suffer from the following effects, including gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
Another eating disorder is binge which is characterized by frequent loss of control of eating patterns. Unlike other eating disorder, this type of condition makes people have the urge of eating. Binge is linked to some negative health effects, some of which include intense feelings of guilt, distress, and embarrassment.
To have a clear understanding of eating disorders, you need to take a look at their causes. Several factors are responsible for creating eating disorders. Since there are many factors that cause eating disorders, the effects can be categorized into the following groups including biological, psychological, and/or environmental. It is believed that some of the biological factors that may affect one’s eating habits include nutritional deficiencies, irregular hormone functions, and genetics.
On the other hand, the psychological factors include poor self-esteem and negative body image. In addition to psychological and biological cases of eating disorders, the conditions can be caused by environmental factors such as family and childhood traumas, careers that promote being thin and weight loss, aesthetically oriented sports, among others.